The Upper Room
The Last Supper was traditionally know to occur here (photo above). The room is located in the Church of the Dormition (below). The church itself was intended to be a monument to Mary. Tucked nearly in a corner, on the first floor, is also the observed Tomb of David. This location has been considered to house his tomb since around the first century, B.C. However, King David is not buried here.
During the 12th century, the room came to be known as the traditionally observed location of the final supper shared with Jesus by the disciples.
The true communion meal during the times of Jesus was not about communion wafers and wine. No, communion was truly a traditional Passover supper. It was prophetically revealed so many things about the death and crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
In general, a lamb was roasted, and eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Exodus 12:1-10) on Passover. Wine was usually served as a precautionary substituted for poor water quality. The meal was first eaten on the eve of the exodus of the Israelites from the oppression of Egypt:
“This is how you shall eat it: your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it hurriedly. It is the Passover of the Lord.” Exodus 12:11
Passover was required by the Lord as a reminder of how the Lord brought His people out of slavery in Egypt. The Last Supper was eaten on the first night of Passover that year. Jesus had the disciples prepare a place for Passover and that evening, they rested and celebrated together.
The Betrayer is revealed.
While the disciples were resting, Jesus tells them one of them will betray Him. This troubled the disciples, but Jesus tells them that one who dipped his hand into the bowl with Jesus betrayed Him. Jesus said,
“The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with Me will betray Me. The Son of Man will go just as it is written about Him, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed. It would be better for him if he had not been born.” Matthew 26:23-24
Judas even asked Him if he would the the one. Jesus told him Judas had already said it himself. Caught red-handed, Judas quietly retreated.
The Last Supper
During the Feast of the Unleavened Bread, Jesus and the Disciples shared their final meal together. He told the disciples that this would be His last day to drink and eat until He was in His Father’s kingdom:
While they were eating, Jesus took bread, spoke a blessing and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is My body.” Then He took the cup, gave thanks and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until the day when I drink it anew with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
Everything was about to change. No one had any idea of how things were about to be made new, except for Jesus. The Upper Room and the Last Supper were the first steps on the road to Calvary and the Resurrection.